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KUTCH has a very rich and vibrant history. It was inhabited from prehistoric times. In fact, traces of the astonishing Indus Valley civilization (3000 to 1500B.C.) have been discovered at Dholavira ,Kuran & Adhoo.

GREAT RANN OF KUTCH was not an arm of the sea during the early days when Alexander the great visited these places in 325BC. The eastern branches of the Indus River emptied the most important channel into the Rann. On the other side of the larger freshwater lake (may be Chari-Luna-Fulai area ) which could be easily crossed.

1st century onward Kutch was under various rulers includes Sakas. Then, Samudra Gupta attack Sakas & win.And at the end of 12th Centuary -thus Kutch become part of Gupta Vansha.

Much of Kutch history in the 13th, 14th and 15th century has witnessed a lot of violence through massacres, plunder and arson. Rulers from Sindha,Gujarat ,Kathiavad continued attack. In 1510, Rao Khengarji assumed power. He thus became the founder of the dynasty that ruled Kutch till its merger with the Indian Union in 1948. Khengarji sifted his capital from Raper to Bhuj in 1549.
After the Partition of India in 1947, and later in 1960 some part of Kutch which includes Thar-Parker handover to Pakisthan.Under leadership of Atal Bahadur Bajapai big protest rally organized.

Due to vision of Sardar Patel Kandla port built in lieu of Karachi.

Kutch has Grassland, Lush Green Mandvi-Mundra-Nakhatrna area, Hills of Pachcham (Khavara),Ports (Kandala Navinar Area),Vagad,Abadasa,Kadir & Patel Chovisi makes Kutch a wonderful area.It has 45612 sq.kms.Out of this about 190000 is Rann.Banni Grassland is 3800 sq. kms. While South (Mandvi-Mundra belt) is Green Area producing best Mangoes & Kharek.

Economy and Industries: India';s fastest growing district kutch having in-number of biggest Power houses,Cements,textiles plants. The two major ports Mundra and Kandla located in the region. These ports are closest to the Gulf and Europe and major trade occurs through both these ports. The Kutch region is also blessed with abundance of natural resources like lignite, bauxite and gypsum. Due to heavy industrialization a acre of land available for Rs. 5000 per acre just 7-8 years ago is now sold at Rs.5 Crores. Although these stories are unheard of in the land of Kutch since its inception, they are becoming the reality of today. Due to such explosion,poor peasants'; lifestyles have gone a dramatic change and they are spending lot on education. Best Schools/colleges are coming near Bhuj & Mandvi. Traditional industries such as salt, manufacture of shawls, handicrafts and silver items still exist in the region.

The People of Kutch : Kutch due to its geographic location is inhabited with people from various regions. People have migrated from neighboring regions of Marwar, Afghanistan, Sindh ,Kathivad, Gujarat. There are several nomadic, semi-Nomadic and artisan groups living in Kutch.

Most of the Kutchchi are strongly connected to their roots.Those who reside outside of Kutch gives lot of charity to Kutch. They built Schools,Hospitals,Temples,Guest House and often visited Kutch. In fact about 30Lakha Kutchi lives outside from Kutch including African countries, London, USA, and almost all cities of India. The people of Kutch have unique set of costumes as against the conventional wear. They normally wear embroidered work .Mirror work is also an important part of their outfit. In different parts of Kutch people wear different dress.A rabari woman wear a black open blouse or Odhnis & Gagara. Jat women wear red or black Chunnis. Gadhavi women wear black Gagara & Red odhani. Chaniya Choli ,Bandhani & Garchoda is yet another costume for the women of Kutch. The men in Kutch wear a white outfit, they wear a white dhoti (lungi) and a khamish and a white jacket .Another traditional costume of the men in Kutch is the Kaidiyu which is again white in color. The bottoms of these people are tight at the feet so that no insects enter them while they are working on in their fields.

Music Kutch : has a rich heritage of traditional folk music. Musical instruments are also related to origins of people in Kutch, their taboos, their style of worship etc. It allows us to understand social and religious traditions. Some of the musical instruments of Kutch include Bhorrindo: A folk instrument which is a simple vacant dirt ball or like an egg twisted with three to four holes Dak or Dhaku: Dak is similar to Damru and is made up of hour glass frame with vellum heads. The Cords are pressed hard and released in quick succession to give the effect Dholak: Shepherds play jodiya Pawa which is pair of double flutes . Cows understand music of this Pawa and return back when sounds change.
Morchang: A simple device made out of brass .It has an outer frame fortuning the instrument and in the shape of a harp.

LANGUAGE: Predominant language is kutchi - influenced by Sindhi and Gujarati owing to its geographical location. It is one of the difficult language to teach, which contains single words to speak volumes. Kutchchi also known as a mamais boli ( Mothers pronouncements) not having grammatical sentences but as mothers understand his kids language people understand Kutchchi .Except few villages at Vagad (Raper,Bhachau belt) area Kutchchi speacks/ accepted. . Kutchchi people who lives at Mumbai or even America loves to speak Kutchchi.

Rituals & festivity: The Kutch Festival - More than 50 "Merra" festival celebrate by different community.Amongs them Ashapura Maa in Navratri at Mata-Na-Madh are famous. People ware colorfully attired worship their Goddess with dancers, music concerts.

FOODS: Morning breakfast called Siraman consists Bajara no rotalo-Lasan ni Chatani- Gud & Chasha. Lunch called Jamann or Manni consists Roti- Sakha-Gud-Chas.Dinner called Viyaru consist Khichchadi-Kadhi-Dungari-Chas.

Pakvan,Dabeli,Dar dhokari, Khir,Rab,Gor-papadi, Pedda and of course Khkhara-Fafara-Dhokara are other verities you may love to eat in Kutch. for more information please contract :Mahenra Bhedda:097268 19740
 
 
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